Obstetrics Vocabulary

abdominal hysterectomy

abdominovaginal hysterectomy

ABO incompatibility

abortion

abruptio placentae

adenocarcinoma

acetic acid

acetowhite

acne vulgaris

active phase arrest

active phase of labor

acyclic pelvic pain

adenomatoid oviduct tumor

adhesive endometriosis

adnexa

adnexal mass

ADS (anonymous donor sperm)

AENNS (Albert Einstein Neonatal Developmental Scale)

AFI (amniotic fluid index)

AFP (alpha-fetoprotein)

Albert Einstein Neonatal Developmental Scale (AENNS)

Albert-Smith pessary

Aloka OB/GYN ultrasound

alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)

amenorrhea

amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome

amniotic fluid index(AFI)

amniocentesis

Amino-Cerv pH 5.5 cervical cream

Amko vaginal speculum

amnioinfusion

amnion

amnion nodosum

amnion ring

amnion rupture

amniotic fluid

amniotomy

amorphous fetus

 

Amplicor chlamydia assay

anembryonic gestation

anonymous donor sperm (ADS)

anovular menstruation

anovulatory

anteflexion

antenatal

antepartum

anterior lip of the cervix

anteroposterior

anteversion

Apgar score

appropriate for gestational age (AGA)

areola

ARM or AROM (artificial rupture of membranes)

arrest of labor

arrest of descent

ASCUS (atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance)

aspiration

assisted breech delivery

assisted cephalic delivery

atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance (AGCUS)

 

autosomal

 

Ayre spatula

 

Ayre spatula-Zelsmyr Cytobrush technique

 

axilla

 

axillary node sampling

 

AZH (assisted zonal hatching)

 

BABE ultrasound

 

bacterial vaginosis (BV)

 

Balfour retractor

 

bartholinitis

 

Bartholin glands

 

Baylor amniotic perforator

 

BBT (basal body temperature)

 

BCC (benign cellular changes)

 

beat-to-beat variability

 

Bell-Buettner hysterectomy

 

benign cellular changes (BCC)

 

betamethasone

 

beta-subunit

 

Betke-Kleihauer test

 

Betke stain

 

bezoar

 

bicornuate uterus

 

bidet

 

bifid pelvis

 

bilateral oophorectomy

 

binovular twin

 

Biocept-5 pregnancy test

 

Biocept-G pregnancy test

 

biometry

 

biophysical profile (BPP)

 

biparietal diameter (BPD)

 

Bird vacuum extractor

 

birthing chair

 

birthing room

 

Biswas Silastic pessary

 

bladder flap

 

blighted ovum

blue ring pessary

 

Bonney abdominal hysterectomy

 

BPP (biophysical profile)

 

Braxton Hicks contractions

 

breast binding

 

breast engorgement

 

breast-fed baby

 

breech delivery

 

breech extraction

 

breech presentation

 

broad ligament

 

brown baby syndrome

 

Burch procedure

 

burning vulva syndrome

 

BUS (Bartholin, urethral, and Skene) glands

 

CA-125 (cancer antigen-125)

 

caked breast

 

candidal vulvovaginitis

 

candidiasis

 

candy-cane stirrups

 

carcinoma in situ (CIS)

 

carcinoma of the breast

 

carcinoma of the cervix

 

carcinoma of the endometrium

 

cardinal ligament

 

cauterization

 

cephalic version

 

cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)

 

cerclage

 

Certified Nurse-Midwife (CNM)

 

cervical cerclage

 

cervical dysplasia

 

cervical erosions

 

cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)

 

cervical motion tenderness

 

cervicitis

 

cervicovaginal fistula

 

cervicovaginal junction

 

cervicovaginal ridge

 

cervix

 

cesarean section (C-section)

 

chandelier sign

 

CHL (crown-heel length)

 

chlamydia

 

chondrosarcoma

 

chorea gravidarum

 

chorioallantoic

 

chorioamnionitis

 

choriocarcinoma

 

choriogenesis

 

chorionic

 

chorionic villus sampling

 

CIN (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia)

 

circumvallata placenta

 

CIS (carcinoma in situ)

 

Clark classification of vulvar melanoma

 

clean-catch urine specimen

 

Clearblue Easy

 

Clearplan Easy

 

clitoridis

 

clitoris

 

clitoromegaly

 

clitoroplasty

 

CNM (Certified Nurse-Midwife)

 

coitus

 

coitus incompletus

 

cold-knife biopsy (conization)

 

colostrorrhea

 

colostrous

 

colostrum

 

colovaginal fistula

 

colporrhaphy

 

colposcopy

 

colpocystitis

 

colpocystocele

 

colpocystoplasty

 

colpocystourethropexy

 

colpopoiesis

 

colporectopexy

 

colporrhagia

 

colposcope

 

colpostat

 

colposuspension

 

colpourethropexy

 

complete breech presentation

 

Conceive Ovulation Predictor

 

condyloma (condylomata)

 

conization

 

conjoined twins

 

cordate pelvis

 

cornu (cornua)

 

corpora lutea cyst

 

corpus luteum cyst

 

corpus luteum dysfunction

 

cotyledon

 

CPD (cephalopelvic disproportion)

 

CPP (chronic pelvic pain)

 

creamy vulvitis

 

Crede maneuver of uterus

 

cribriform hymen

 

cri du chat

 

cri-du-chat syndrome

 

crown-heel length (CHL)

 

crown-rump length (CRL)

 

CRL (crown-rump length)

 

cry (uterine)

 

cryocauterization

 

cube pessary

 

cul-de-sac

 

culdocentesis

 

culdoplasty

 

culdoscopy

 

culdotomy

 

curettage

 

cystadenocarcinoma

 

cystadenoma

 

cystitis

 

D&C (dilatation and curettage)

 

D&E (dilatation and evacuation)

 

debulking

 

decelerations

 

decudya nebstryakus

 

dermoid cyst

 

DES (diethylstilbestrol)

 

DES daughter

 

DES exposure

 

desquamative inflammatory vaginitis

 

desultory labor

 

di-di (dichorionic-diamniotic)

 

dichorionic-diamniotic (di-di)

 

didymus

 

diembryony

 

diencephalic syndrome

 

Diflucan

 

Dilapan hygroscopic cervical dilator

 

dilatation and curettage (D&C)

 

dilatation and evacuation (D&E)

 

diovular twins

 

disperse placenta

 

distal tubal disease

 

dizygotic twin

 

Doppler (fetal)

 

doughnut pessary

 

DUB (dysfunctional uterine bleeding)

 

Duncan placenta

 

Dumontpallier pessary

 

duplex uterus

 

Dutch pessary

 

dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB)

 

dysgenesis

 

dysmenorrhea

 

dysmenorrheal membrane

 

dysontogenesis

 

dysplasia

 

dyspareunia

 

dystocia

 

dystocia-dystrophia syndrome

 

dysuria

 

early decelerations

 

early-onset preeclampsia

 

ECC (endocervical curettage)

 

EDC (estimated date of confinement)

 

edema

 

EFM (electronic fetal monitoring)

 

EFW (estimated fetal weight)

 

EGA (estimated gestational age)

 

egg activation

 

egg cell

 

egg membrane

 

Egnell breast pump

 

EIFT (embryo intrafallopian transfer)

 

eight-cell embryo

 

elderly primigravida

 

elephant pelvis

 

embryo

 

embryo intrafallopian transfer (EIFT)

 

embryoblast

 

embryogenesis

 

embryography

 

embryology

 

embryonal sarcoma

 

embryonic sac

 

embryoniform

 

embryonization

 

embryoplastic

 

embryoscopy

 

EMC (endometrial curettage)

 

emesis

 

Emmert-Gelhorn pessary

 

en caul delivery

 

endocervical curettage (ECC)

 

endocervical mucosa

 

endocervicitis

 

Endoclip

 

endometrial ablation

 

endometrial ablator

 

endometrial adenocanthoma

 

endometrial biopsy

 

endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia

 

endometritis

 

endometrium

 

endometrioid carcinoma

 

endometriosis

 

endovaginal

 

episiotomy

 

Eros-CTD (clitoral therapy device)

 

Part II

ERT (estrogen replacement therapy)

erythroblastosis fetalis

essential dysmenorrhea

estimated date of confinement (EDC)

estimated fetal weight (EFW)

estimated gestational age (EGA)

Estrace

Estraderm

estradiol vaginal cream

estrogen

estrogen breakthrough bleeding

estrogen-induced prolactinoma

estrogen-progestin

estrogen receptor

estrogen replacement

estrogen replacement therapy (ERT)

exenteration

expectant management

external fetal monitoring

external genitalia

extraction

extrapyramidal

extrauterine pregnancy

fallopian tubes

false labor

false pregnancy

FAS (fetal alcohol syndrome)

ferning

fern-positive (or negative) Nitrazine test

fertilization

fertilizable life span

fetal acid-base balance

fetal age

fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)

fetal biparietal diameter

fetal congenital hyperplasia

fetal cotyledon

fetal descent

fetal distress

fetal dystocia

fetal heart rate (FHR)

fetal heart rate decelerations

fetal lie

fetal lung maturity

fetal macrosomia

fetal-maternal exchange

fetal monitoring

fetal-pelvic index

fetal position

fetal scalp electrode

fetal skin sampling

fetal tissue implant

fetal viability

fetal well-being

fetalis

fetomaternal hemorrhage

fetoplacental anasarca

fetoplacental transfusion

fetouterine cell

fetoscopy

fetus

FHR (fetal heart rate)

fibroadenoma

fibrocystic breast disease

fibrocystic

fibroids

FIGO nomenclature

FIGO staging fimbriae

fimbriated

Findley folding pessary

fine-needle aspiration biopsy

fingerbreadth

follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

follicular cyst

FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone)

fundal height

funiculus umbilicalis

furuncle

FVS (fetal varicella syndrome)

galactogram

galactophoritis

galactorrhea

gamete

Gariel pessary

GC (gonorrhea culture)

Gehrung pessary

Gellhorn pessary

gemellary pregnancy

gemellipara

Genentech

genetic counseling

genitalia

genitofemoral nerve

genotype

gestation

gestational age

gestational diabetes mellitus

gestational ring

gestational sac

gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD)

gestator

GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer)

Glucola

glucose tolerance test (GTT)

gonadoblastoma

gonadotropin

Gono Kwik test

gonorrheal cervicitis

gonorrheal salpingitis

graafian follicle

GTD (gestational trophoblastic disease)

GTT (glucose tolerance test)

gynandroblastoma

gynecomastia

gynopathy

habitus of fetus

Hanely-McDermitt pelvimeter

Hanks dilator

harlequin fetus

head circumference

Hegar dilator

hemiuterus

hemivulvectomy

hemochorial placenta

HER-2/neu

heterotopic pregnancy

high forceps delivery

high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HGSIL)

Hodge pessary

honeymoon cystitis

hormone-stimulated endometrial change

horseshoe placenta

hot biopsy

hourglass uterus

HPV (human papilloma virus)

human chorionic gonadotropin

human papilloma virus (HPV)

HUMI cannula

HUMI uterine manipulator/injector

hyaline membrane disease

hydatid mole

hydatid pregnancy

hydramnion

hydramnios

hydroa gestationis

hydrocephalus

hydrops fetalis

hydrops ovarii

hydrops tubae profluens

hydrorrhea gravidae

hymen

hymen sculptatus

hymenal ring

hyperechoic endometrium

hyperemesis gravidarum

hyperemesis lactentium

hypergonadotropic amenorrhea

hypergynecosmia

hypermenorrhea

hypotonic myometrium

hypotonic uterine dysfunction

hysterectomy

hysterocystopexy

hysterogram

hysteropexy

hysterorrhaphy

hysterorrhexis

hysterosalpingogram (HSG)

hysterosalpingography

hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy

hysteroscopy

hysterotomy

incompatibility

incompetent cervix

incomplete abortion

incudiform uterus

indifferent genitalia

indigo carmine dye

induced abortion

induced labor

infundibulopelvic ligament

Insul-Sheath

intact membranes

intertuberous diameter

intra-amniotic infection

intracervical tent

intraductal carcinoma

intrapartum hemorrhage

intrauterine adhesions

intrauterine device (IUD)

intrauterine growth retardation

invaginata

inverted nipple

in vitro fertilization (IVF)

IUGR (intrauterine growth retardation)

Janosik embryo

jello sign

jogger's amenorrhea

karyotype

karyotyping

Kegel exercises

kernicterus

Kleihauer-Betke test

Kleihauer-Betke stain

KOH prep

KOH stain

KOH test

Kroner tubal ligation

kyphotic pelvis

labia

labial agglutination

labial hernia

labialis herpes

labor augmentation

labor initiation

lactation

lactation amenorrhea

lactation letdown response

lactiferous ducts

lactogenesis

lactorrhea

laminaria cervical dilator

laparohysterectomy

laparohysteropexy

laparohysterotomy

laparomyomectomy

laparoscopic fenestration

laparoscopic hysterectomy

laparoscopic insufflator laparoscopic-assisted vaginal

laparoscopy

large-for-dates infant

large for gestational age (LGA)

late decelerations

latent phase of labor

LEEP (loop electrosurgical excision procedure)

LeFort procedure

left occipitoposterior position (LOP)

leiomyoma (leiomyomata)

leiomyomatata uteri

leiomyomatosis

leiomyosarcoma

letdown reflex

leukorrhea

LGA (large for gestational age)

LGSIL (low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion)

LOA (left occipitoanterior)

lochia

lochia alba

lochia cruenta

lochia purulenta

lochia rubra

lochia sanguinolenta

lochia serosa

lochial

lochiometra

lochiometritis

lochiorrhagia

lochiorrhea

LOP (left occipitoposterior position)

LOT (left occipitotransverse position)

low birth weight

low cervical cesarean section

low forceps delivery

low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LGSIL)

low-segment incision

low transverse cesarean section

lower uterine segment transverse cesarean section

lumpectomy

Part III

 

lupus obstetric syndrome

luteinized unruptured follicle

luteinizing hormone

luteoma pregnancy

macrosomia

magnification mammography

malignant ovarian teratoma

malignant teratoma

malodorous

mammalgia

mammaplasty

mammary

mammography

mammoplasty

Marshall-Marchetti

mask of pregnancy

mastectomy

mastitis

mastocytosis

mastodynia

mastoiditis

mastotomy

maternal abdominal pressure

maternal antibodies

maternal cotyledon

maternal hydrops fetalis

maternal hypertension

maternal parvovirus fetalis

maternal-fetal histoincompatibility

Mayer pessary

McCall culdoplasty

McDonald cervical cerclage

meconium

 

meconium aspiration

 

meconium-stained amniotic fluid

 

mediolateral episiotomy

 

menarche

 

Menge pessary

 

menometrorrhagia

 

menopause

 

menorrhagia

 

menorrhea

 

menouria

 

menstrual molimina

 

menstruation

 

Methergine

 

metrorrhea

 

metrorrhexis metrorrhagia

 

metrosalpingitis

 

metrosalpingography

 

metrostaxis

 

MICRhoGAM

 

microsomia

 

minimal cervical dysplasia

 

missed abortion

 

mittelschmerz

 

MMK (Marshall-Marchetti Krantz)

 

molar pregnancy

 

molding of head

 

monoamniotic twins

 

monochorial twins

 

monochorionic diamniotic placenta

 

monochorionic monoamniotic placenta

 

monoovular twins

 

monozygosity

 

monozygotic twins

 

Monsel solution

 

Montevideo unit

 

mons pubis

 

mons ureteris

 

mons veneris

 

mucorrhea

 

multigravida

 

multipara

 

multiple gestation

 

myomectomy

 

myometrium

 

Naegele

 

nasolabial

 

nausea gravidarum

 

needle aspiration

 

neonatal

 

neural tube defect (NTD)

 

nipple stimulation test nipple-areola complex

 

Nitrazine test

 

noncommunicating uterine horn

 

Norplant

 

NTD (neural tube defect)

 

nulligravida

 

nullipara

 

nulliparous

 

OA (occipitoanterior)

 

oblique lie

 

oblique presentation

 

obstetric

 

obturator

 

occipitoanterior (OA)

 

occipitoposterior (OP)

 

occipitotransverse (OT)

 

O'Connor-O'Sullivan retractor

 

oligomenorrhea

 

one hour glucose tolerance test

 

oogenesis

 

oophoritis

 

oophorocystectomy

 

oophorohysterectomy

 

oophoropeliopexy

 

oophorrhagia

 

orifice

 

ostium (ostia)

 

ovarian

 

ovarian ablation

 

ovarian carcinoma

 

ovarian cystadenocarcinoma

 

ovarian cysts

 

ovarian dysgenesis

 

ovarian fibroma

 

ovarioabdominal pregnancy

 

ovariocele

 

ovariohysterectomy

 

ovariorrhexis

 

ovariosalpingectomy

 

ovariosalpingitis

 

ovariostomy

 

ovaritis

 

OvuKIT

 

ovulation

 

ovum (ova)

 

oxygenated fetal blood

 

oxytocia

 

oxytocin

 

PALM (premature accelerated lung maturation)

 

palpation

 

panhysterectomy

 

panniculitis

 

panniculus

 

Pap (Papanicolaou) smear, test

 

paper-doll fetus

 

papilla

 

papillary serous cystadenocarcinoma

 

papillomavirus

 

parametric abscess

 

parametritis

 

paraovarian cyst

 

paratubal cyst

 

paraurethral

 

paravaginal hysterectomy

 

paravaginitis

 

parturition

 

PCO (polycystic ovary syndrome)

 

patent processus vaginalis peritonei

 

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

 

pelvic thrombophlebitis

 

pelvic vein congestion

 

pelvic ultrasonography

 

pelvicephalography

 

pelvic-floor surgery

 

pelvifixation

 

pelvigraph

 

pelvimetry

 

perimetrium

 

perinatal acidosis

 

perinatologist

 

perinatology

 

perineal laceration

 

perineometer

 

perineorrhaphy

 

perineovaginal fistula

 

perineum

 

peripartum

 

peritoneum

 

periumbilical incision

 

perivaginitis

 

pernicious anemia of pregnancy Pfannenstiel incision

 

Phaneuf uterine artery forceps

 

phantom pregnancy

 

Pharmaseal uterine sound

 

Pharmaseal cervical dilator

 

PID (pelvic inflammatory disease)

 

Pitocin

 

Pitocin augmentation

 

placenta

 

placenta previa

 

placental perfusion

 

placental grade

 

PPROM (preterm premature rupture of membranes)

 

Pomeroy tubal ligation

 

posterior lie

 

postpartum

 

povidone-iodine douche

 

preeclampsia

 

premature accelerated lung maturation (PALM)

 

premature rupture of membranes (PROM)

 

presentation

 

preterm labor

 

preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM)

 

primary uterine inertia

 

primigravida

 

primipara

 

primiparous

 

Prochownik pessary

 

procidentia

 

progesterone

 

PROM (premature rupture of membranes)

 

prostaglandin

 

pseudocyesis

 

psychogenic pelvic pain

 

puberty

 

pubis symphysis

 

pudendal apron

 

pyosalpinx

 

radical mastectomy

 

referred pelvic pain

 

Rh incompatibility

 

RhoGAM

 

ring pessary

 

ROA (right occipitoanterior position)

 

ROP (right occipitoposterior position)

 

ROT (right occipitotransverse position)

 

respiratory distress syndrome

 

rudimentary uterine horn

 

salpingectomy

 

salpingitis

 

salpingo-oophorectomy

 

secondary infertility

 

secondary uterine inertia

Part IV

second-look laparoscopy

Shirodkar cervical cerclage

shoulder dystocia

SIL (squamous intraepithelial lesion)

simple mastectomy

single-tooth tenaculum

sonohysterogram (SHG)

sonohysterograph; sonohysterography

spontaneous rupture of membranes (SROM)

squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL)

SROM (spontaneous rupture of membranes)

station

stereotactic breast biopsy

stress urinary incontinence (SUI)

SUI (stress urinary incontinence)

TAH (total abdominal hysterectomy)

transverse lie

total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH)

total mastectomy

tubal gestation

tubal obstruction

tubo-ovarian

unstable lie

urethrovaginal fistula

uterine

uterine chondrosarcoma

uterine cry

uterine horn

uterine leiomyoma

uterine manipulator

uterine massage

uterine tubes

uteroperitoneal fistula

uterovesical fold

uterus

vacuum-assisted delivery

vacuum extraction

vagina

vaginal adenosis

vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC)

vaginal candidiasis

vaginal microflora

vaginitis

variable decelerations

VBAC (vaginal birth after cesarean)

vertex delivery

vertex presentation

vesicovaginal fistula

vulva

vulvovaginitis

vulvovaginal candidiasis

Zwanck pessary